Media Representation of the Independent Woman in Rap


The representation of independent women in the media can be examined through current rap lyrics and music videos. Rap music has received a lot of criticism for portraying a misogynic view of women. Rap music has been especially known for sexually objectifying and exploiting women. While not all rap music does this, rap lyrics have a reputation for portraying women as “b*tches” and “hoes” while boosting men’s ego and status. The independent woman should be portrayed as powerful, strong, and capable of supporting themselves. However, in rap they are portrayed as independent from men while also being for sexually promiscuous and having a very low-commitment level to men.

Sexualization of Black Women in Rap: body is viewed as a means for male sexual pleasure

Three Frames

  1. welfare and crack mother
  2. poor women who deserve a lower status in US society
  3. strippers and hoes

The effect of these frames puts pressure on women to participate in sexual innuendos. It can even lead women to desire to lose weight which can develop eating disorders.

The Bottom Line: The representation of women is unrealistic and harmful to how both men and women view themselves. It portrays women as objects and presents an “ideal” image that is unattainable.

Misrepresentation of Women in Media Examples



Pinterest Pins using “Arab” and “Muslim”

“Arab” Depiction on Pinterest 


This pin was for a makeup tutorial on Arab eye makeup: “Arabic eyes unlock the hearts unspoken words”



Hijab Fashion



Nike Hijab



Many pins accented the eyes and used jewelry and design as forms of expression


“My Arab tastes did clash with my Muslim Customs”



TeenVogue: Muslim Blogger Talks About the Power of Makeup



Emphasis on Arabian Art

 Common Themes under “Arab”: much more about the culture, art, beauty. Showed vibrant images of art, buildings, and food.

“Muslim” depiction on Pinterest


How This Campaign Is Using Stunning Photos of Muslim Women to Fight Islamophobia




Muslim Inspiration Quotes


Screen Shot 2017-03-30 at 11.50.31 AM.pngLink to Ibtihaj Interview

Common Themes under Muslim: Way more political and represented Muslim culture. Advocated for Muslim women in America. Many images included inspiring quotes.

Media Representations of Tiger Moms as seen through Instagram

In an article by Huffington Post, the author discusses the first impression when the TV show “Fresh Off the Boat” first aired. This TV show was one of the first sitcoms to focus on an Asian American in about twenty years. Many people were holding their breath for the release of the first episode. However, there was an overwhelmingly positive response by Asian Americans because the show was applauded for being “bold, funny and not afraid to take on race”. Why was this show so praised and what does this reaction say about the representation of Asians in the media?

The author attributes this reaction to a very controversial book written by Amy Chua in 2011, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother. This caused a multitude of reactions, but especially by Asian Americans. The “Tiger Mother” stereotype was beginning to evolve and spread among all platforms of the media. One Asian American woman critiqued “When the tiger mom book came out, I just didn’t want to touch it. It’s like, ‘Here we go again!’ We’re going to label a certain set of behaviors as belonging to this culture, and a certain set of behaviors not belonging” (The Huffington Post). Many Asian Americans desire to quiet this stereotype of all Asian mothers being tiger mothers and that is what produced such a positive response to “Fresh Off the Boat”.

This developing stereotype has become evident on all platforms of social media. Through the hashtag “tiger mom”, Instagram has elicited many different responses to this stereotype. My research found that out of 10 Instagram posts using #tigermom, the majority were posted by Asian Americans. Of the ones posted by Asians they were predominately positive toward the stereotype. Most of them alluded to having pride in being a tiger mom. Of the ones posted by white Americans the posts were predominately negative or used the hashtag joking to allude toward strict parenting.


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Video of Olivia Munn raised by Tiger mom




Representation of Latinos in the Media

Recently there has been much attention drawn to the misrepresentation or non-representation of Latinos in the media. In a recent NBC study, results found most stories “fail to represent the demographic composition of the U.S.” The study titled Comprehensive Annenberg Report on Diversity reported that Latinos are one of the least represented speaking roles in film and TV, regardless of the fact that they make up about 17.4 percent of the U.S. population.

Misrepresentation                                                                                                                              Some of the most common misrepresentations of Latinos include stereotypes such as: criminals, gardeners, house keeper, police force, and dropouts. A lot of negative misrepresentation is found in the news and people using the term “illegal immigrant”. One study shows that the term“illegal aliens” elicits much more negative feelings than the term “undocumented immigrants.” The author of this study credits this lack of diversity in the media to a lack of diversity in the writers room.“When you don’t have diverse writers, you won’t have three-dimensional minority characters.”new3morales.jpg

Latino Roles                                                                                                                                       Shows that are believed to be paving the way for proper Latino representation in film and media include: Jane the Virgin, Superstore, Desperate Housewives, Ugly Betty, and Modern Family. Though some of these Latino roles cater to stereotypes, many have found these characters to be relatable and multi-layered characters.

Impact as shown by the National Hispanic Media Coalition

  • People exposed to negative entertainment or news narratives about Latinos and/or immigrants hold the most unfavorable and hostile views about both groups.
  • Negative portrayals of Latinos and immigrants are pervasive in news and entertainment media. Consequently, non-Latinos commonly believe many negative stereotypes about these groups are true.
  • 71% see Latinos in criminal or gang member roles very often or sometimes
  • 1/3 of those polled in the national poll assumed that more than half of Latinos were undocumented immigrants
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Eva Longoria speech:


#YesAllWomen INTRO by Sydney Richburg

#YesAllWomen is a Twitter hashtag and social media campaign that has been used to bring light to users stories of misogyny and violence against women. The campaign is an attempt to raise awareness of sexism that women experience.

This hashtag was created in response to the hashtag NotAllMen that started after the 2014 Isla Vista killings. The killer’s Internet activity was described as misogynistic, and hatred of women was cited as a factor in his crimes. After this tragedy, in response many Twitter users made the argument that “not all men” are like that.

In reaction to the hashtag “#NotAllMen”, a female Twitter user then created “#YesAllWomen” to express that all women are affected by sexism and misogyny, even though not all men are sexist.

I think that the creation of both of these hashtags shows a classic example of two parties working against each other instead of with each other. Both parties should be fighting against the sexualization of women, especially in the event of these killings. These hashtags seem to distract from the actual issue at hand by targeting the opposite group.

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VIDEO: Info on shooting:

Possibly lead this into “old fashioned” feminism vs radical/modern feminism

#YesAllWomen #HeForShe

Tweet Analysis by Sydney Richburg #YesAllWomen

#YesAllWomen is a hashtag started on Twitter by the singer Aimee Mann after she reported a personal story on Twitter, “The cops who asked me ‘Well, what were you wearing?’ when I reported an attack and attempted rape. #YesAllWomen”. This hashtag immediately caught momentum with other women sharing similar stories. After doing some research I found  that 15 percent of tweets were about rape and domestic violence stories, and 12 percent included workplace and street harassment stories, fully 19 percent were anti-feminist statements against the hashtag (Forbes). #HeForShe is another common hashtag on Twitter in support of feminism. I found a lot of support from men and women. Screen Shot 2017-01-26 at 12.27.07 PM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-24 at 10.43.29 AM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-26 at 12.27.17 PM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-26 at 12.33.29 PM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-26 at 12.34.14 PM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-26 at 12.34.53 PM.pngScreen Shot 2017-01-24 at 10.44.36 AM.png